Accessible design helps users with disabilities access the full range of application features. By following best practices for accessibility, you ensure that your application meets the industry standards for all types of users.
- Review the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) Checklist, which is the primary source for meeting industry standards for accessibility.
- Run the accessibility inspector to check your application. For more information, see Inspecting accessibility.
- Avoid inline styles, which might override custom settings that help users understand a page better.
- Add labels to all fields, controls, cards, and images, but use only one method to label a field. Place labels above the fields that they describe.
- Ensure that the UI alerts users of dynamic changes visually and through Live ARIA.
- Provide meaningful error messages.
- Avoid timed events, which require complex configuration to comply with accessibility guidelines.
- Avoid hover and right-click events.
- Do not use link controls as buttons.
- Use visibility conditions to control the appearance of the form. Do not use controls in disabled mode.
- When you provide helper text, avoid referencing the color, shape, or visual location of a UI component.
- Apply placeholder text for input fields but do not substitute labels with placeholders.
- Avoid technical language and jargon in labels, placeholders, and helper text.
- Check if users can navigate your design with keyboard only.
- Avoid key commands. Key commands can conflict with screen readers.
- Add paging to tables.
- Give links meaningful text.
- For each onclick event, configure a keyboard alternative.
Screen organization guidelines
- Use headers and titles on layouts. Define headings through markup rather than formatting. Always configure a level one heading and use header levels correctly.
- Limit the use of modal dialog boxes and overlays.
- Do not force landscape or portrait mode in mobile apps.
- Organize content on the UI and in the document object model linearly to accommodate screen readers.
- Use responsive layouts. Layouts and forms that have fixed window sizes might cause problems for users who need to resize their screens.
- Do not use more than one main section on a page.
- Do not use tables to define areas on your page. Use tables only to present collected data.
- Use caution when you introduce multiple icons. Ensure that the icons are labeled properly and can receive focus from the keyboard.
- Do not wrap text in images.
- Add meaningful alternative text and avoid reusing the same descriptive text for different resources.
- Avoid adding alternative text to unimportant or decorative elements. Unnecessary text crowds the feedback from assistive technology such as screen readers.
Color use guidelines
- Do not use color as the only indicator of a change of state. For example, if an error causes the field to display a red border, but does not produce any other indicators, the field is not accessible.
- Use a 4.5:1 contrast ratio for text against the background color.
- For meaningful icons, such as warning icon, use a 3:1 contrast ratio against the background color.
- For form fields, use a 3:1 contrast ratio against the background color and the border.